Bosbury in
Jakeman & Carver’s Directory of Herefordshire, 1902


[Preamble] [Private Residents] [Commercial Residents]
BOSBURY is an extensive parish and very picturesque village, about 4 miles N. from Ledbury Railway Station on the Hereford and Worcester Section of the Great Western Railway, and 13 E. from Hereford; in the Southern Parliamentary division of the County, Radlow hundred, Ledbury union, county court district. rural district, and petty Sessional division, and Bosbury and Colwall polling district and electoral division of the county council. The population in 1891 was 916, in 1901, 872; area of parish, 4,825 acres; annual assessable value, £4,387. The Ecclesiastical Commissioners, who are lords of the manor, Major Willoughby Baskerville Mynors, of Bosbury House, John Harford Pitt, Esq., of Temple Court, William Robert Mynors, Esq., Samuel Wilcox, Esq., The Grange, and Mrs. Buck, of Leicester, are the principal landowners. The soil is a deep heavy clay, and produces excellent cider and hops. Bosbury was once a place of considerable importance. Its Saxon name was Bosamberig, or Bosa’s town. According to Leland, Bishop Athelstan died here in 1056. The Norman prelates also lived at Bosbury. It was the favourite residence of the great Bishop Cantilupe, St. Thomas of Hereford; and his friend and successor, Bishop Swinfield, died here in 1316. The parish is in the diocese and archdeaconry of Hereford, and rural deanery of Ledbury; living, a vicarage; net value £230, with residence and 6½ acres of glebe; patron, the Lord Bishop of Hereford; vicar, the Rev. Robert Burges Bayly, of St. John’s College, Cambridge, who was instituted in 1897.

The church, which has seatings for 394 persons, and is dedicated to the Holy Trinity, was erected in the twelfth century. It has undergone three restorations––in 1851, in the Rev. J. Underwood’s incumbency; in 1859, under the Rev. Berkeley L. Scudamore Stanhope; and was completed in 1871, under the Rev. J. E. Cheese. The total cost of restoration was about £3,100, nearly the whole of which was defrayed by voluntary subscriptions. The tower is a massive square structure containing six bells and a clock, and is detached from the church. (There are seven instances of this in Herefordshire, the other six being Garway, Holmer, Ledbury, Pembridge, Richard’s Castle, and Yarpole). It was originally surmounted by a wooden spire. The church has a Norman doorway, and consists of a long nave, divided from its side aisles by six pointed arches, resting on round pillars, with capitals, characteristic of the Transition period. The clerestory windows, the triple lights of the west end, and the very beautiful lancet windows of the side aisles, are of the same date (about 1180). An interesting fan tracery screen of oak divides the nave from the spacious chancel, which was entirely rebuilt by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners at the last restoration, when an organ–chamber was built on the north side of the chancel for the reception of an organ, presented to the parish by Mrs. Hope, sister of Mrs. Higgins, of Bosbury house, at whose cost, also, the chamber and warming apparatus were erected. The case is of pitch–pine, and the front double diapason pipes are richly coloured. Messrs. Ingram and Co., of Hereford. have recently effected important improvements. There are two very curious and well-preserved sepulchral monuments on either side of the altar; one representing a recumbent figure of John Harford, with the date 1573; the other having figures of Richard Harford, son of the former, and his wife. The old pre-reformation open seats in the nave have been preserved. There are some fine specimens of ancient carving inserted in the pulpit. On the south side of the nave is the chantry of Sir Rowland Morton, a beautiful specimen of late Pointed architecture. temp. Henry VII. This chapel is embattled on the exterior, and is lighted by windows of the shape and tracery of the time when it was erected. Near this, is the oldest inscription in the church, painted on the wall in old characters, in memory of the father of Bishop Swinfield, who died in 1282, but the inscription is almost illegible. The font, near the west end of the church, deserves notice, being of large size, square, and supported on five short pillars, and is of thirteenth century date. A still older one is preserved, forming a very rude round cavity of sandstone, which is presumed to be of Saxon origin. Various handsome gifts were made to the Church for use in the Church and Sacrarium in 1808, including four beautifully embroidered altar frontals, sanctuary hangings, etc. The altar re-table was painted in gold and colours, and the lych-gate and churchyard wall restored in 1900. In the churchyard is a well-restored cross of red sandstone. The parish registers begin with the year 1558. There is a grammar school for boys, endowed by Sir Rowland Morton with cottages yielding a rental of £106 per annum. Average attendance, 58. There is also a national school for girls. The number of children under instruction at both schools is 150. The Wesleyan chapel at Stanley hill is a neat brick building, erected in 1863, The Primitive Methodists have a chapel at Swinmore. Among the objects of curiosity in this parish may be mentioned “the ancient panelled oak-room” at the Crown Inn, where the Harford family once resided; above the fireplace, under carved circular recesses of Jacobean date, are placed the arms and quarterings, duly blazoned, of the Harfords and their relatives. Singularly enough, the oak wainscotting on one side of this room had been transferred to the church to make a reredos, but in the late alterations, being deemed inappropriate, it was sent back to the place from whence it came. The “Swinfield” Lodge of Oddfellows hold their meetings in this room. Temple Court, the residence of John Henry Davies, Esq., was formerly a preceptory of the Knights Templars, and afterwards of the Knights Hospitallers. There are interesting monumental slabs of each preserved in the church. The gatehouse, and a room where the original ceiling of massive parallel oak beams are still entire, are the only remains of the Bishop’s palace, which was taken down about the year 1572. From a claim for dilapidations against the executors of Bishop Scory, in 1586, preserved in the British Museum, it appears that the Court hall was 80 feet long, 40 feet broad, and the height between the foundation and the wall-plate 20 feet. There was also a stage-hall 40 feet long and 20 feet high, and kitchen and brewhouse. In this episcopal hall many most important matters were transacted. Here, on the feast of St. Gregory, 1278, Bishop Cantilupe challenged the judges who had been appointed by the Court of Rome, to decide upon the cause between the see of St. Asaph and that of Hereford, and appealed to the apostolic see. This he did in all due form, in the presence of many witnesses. First he read the appeal in Latin, but afterwards expounded it to them in French, and was careful to have it recorded that this was done in his hall at Bosbury, before dinner. Bosbury House, the seat of Major Willoughby Baskerville Mynors, D.L., J.P., is a spacious red brick and stone mansion in the Italian style, with balustrades and portico; and contains a rare collection of valuable early-printed books, MSS., drawings, engravings, curiosities, and articles of virtu. The Grange is the residence of Samuel Willcox, Esq.

POSTAL REGULATIONS.–Mrs. Sarah Kendrick, Sub-Postmistress. Letters arrive from Ledbury at 7.20 am., despatched thereto at 5.30 p.m. Letters can be registered. The Wall letter box at Stanley hill is cleared at 5 p.m. (except Sunday), and Broad Oaks Cross-roads at 4 10 p.m. This is a money order office, savings bank and telegraph office. Post town, Ledbury.

Parish Church (Holy Trinity).–Rev. Robert Burges Bayly, Vicar;
James Parker Manning and Edward Thomas Lane, Churchwardens;

Charles Bettington, Parish Clerk.
Grammar and National School (Boys).–John Knight Job, Master.
National School (girls).–Miss M. A. Arrowsmith, Mistress.
Primitive Methodist Chapel, Swinmore.–Ministers various.
Plymouth Brethren Meeting Room.–Ministers various.
Wesleyan Chapel, Stanley hill.–Ministers various.
Assistant Overseer.–John Knight Job.
Police Station.–Samuel Wynn, Constable.

Thomas Payne
Wed. & Sat.
Stopping Place
Coach & Horses
Return at
  4   0

Mrs. Cartwright
Mrs. Edwards
Charles Hickox
Seven Stars
The Plough
The Plough
  2   0
  2   0
  2   0

Mrs. Cartwright
Mrs. Edwards
Mon. & Fri.
Red Lion
Red Lion
  2   0
  2   0

William Box (Froome Hill) Fri. Swan with Two Necks   2   0
William Parsons (Ashperton) passes through Bosbury to Worcester on Fridays.

Bentley, Rev. Samuel, M. A. (vicar of Bosbury, rural dean, and surrogate for the diocese of Hereford), The Vicarage
Fishbourne, Edward, Stanley house
Mynors, Capt. W. B., county councillor, Bosbury house
Pitt, John Harford, Temple court

Arrowsmith, Miss, M.A., schoolmistress, Lower house
Barrett, James, landowner and farmer, Staplow house
Bettington, Charles, carrier, parish clerk, The Brook
Bettington, Mrs. Caroline, farmer, The Village
Bosley, Charles, farmer and hop grower, Catley Court
Bosley, Thomas Edwin, farmer and hop grower, Bentleys
Botham, William, bailiff to Samuel Willcox, Esq., The Grange
Box, William, farmer and hop grower, Woodlow
Brookes, Henry, cot. farmer, Long Acre
Buck, Mrs., Convalescent Home for Nurses, Holly Mount
Bufton, John, wheelwright
Bunn, George, farmer and hop grower, Swinmore
Caldwell, William, farmer & hop grower Lower Cold Green
Cale, John, farmer, Old Country
Cartwright, Mrs. Sarah, carrier
Collett, Mrs. Jane, grocer and provision dealer
Cotton, Alan, wheelwright and smith, New House
Cotton, Mrs. Elizabeth, farmer and hop grower, The Hill
Davies, Edwin, blacksmith, Stanley hill
Davies, John Henry, cider and perry merchant, farmer and hop grower, Temple Court and Easton farm, Middleton-on-the-Hill
Davis, James, butcher
Easthope, Thomas Joseph, Crown Inn
Edwards, John, farmer and landowner, Woodlow
Edwards, Joseph, landowner and farmer, Broadcroft, Fox hill
Edwards, Mrs., carrier, Fox hill
Foxwell, Francis Sidney, farmer, and hop grower, Catley Cross
Gardiner, Mrs. Ann, cottage farmer, Norbridge
Gardiner, Thomas, farmer & hop grower, Upper and Lower Town End farms
Gibbs, Edwin, cottage frmr., Stanley hill
Gibbs, William, farmer, Great Catley
Green, William, farmer and hop grower, Lower house and Brook farm
Green, Wm., wheelwright, School house
Harford, Richard, farmer, Lower house, Swinmore
Harris, Wm., farmer and hop grower, Upleadon Court
Hawker, Thos., farmer and hop grower, Riddings
Hawkins, Thos., farmer, The Verne, Swinmore
Hickox, Chas., blacksmith and carrier, Pow Green
Hodgkiss, John, farmer and hop grower, Nelmes
Homes, William, farmer and hop grower, Gold hill
Jackson, Joseph, farmer and hop grower, The Orchards and The Noverings
Job, John Knight, schoolmaster, organist, and assistant overseer, Nash End
Jones, George, cot. farmer, Little Noverings
Jones, John, carrier, Mill Croft
Jones, William Henry, beer retailer, Oak Inn, Staplow
Kendrick, Mrs. Sarah, sub-postmistress
Lane, Edward Thomas, farmer and hop grower, Old Court
Lane, William Sivell, farmer and hop grower and cider maker, The Farm
Lawrence, Robert and Thomas, millers, Lower mill
Lawrence, Thomas, farmer, Sugar Croft
Layton, Albert, farmer, Old Country
Lewis, John, Bell Inn
Malins, Thomas, baker and shopkeeper
Mutlow, Richard, farmer, Shillo
Oram, Frederick, bailiff to Major W. B. Mynors, and hop grower, Ailscroft
Orgee, Alfred, farmer and hop grower, Green farm
Palmer, Jas., farmer & miller, Upper mill
Palmer, Mrs. Mary Ann, farmer, Dog farm
Parsons, William, cottage farmer and beer retailer, Old Country
Payne, Thomas, farmer and carrier, Merrings farm
Pears, Thomas, farmer, Harbour hill
Pember, William, farmer and hop grower, North farm and Hill house
Philpotts, Henry, shopkeeper and baker
Powell, William, farmer and hop grower, Little Catley
Preece, Richard, farmer, Pow green
Pritchard, Mrs., farmer, New house, Swinmore
Pudge, Henry James, farmer and hop grower, Note house
Pugh, James, cottage farmer and beer retailer, Dowdings brook
Pullen, James, shopkeeper and carrier, Stanley hill
Show, Edmund George, farmer and hop grower, Cold green
Spencer, Edward, farmer, Woodlow
Spencer, Mrs., farmer, Woodlow
Townsend, James, blacksmith
Turner, John, farmer and shoemaker, Brier Croft
Vine, Walter, beer retailer, New Inn
Vobe, Mrs. Elizabeth, farmer, Hill park
Williams, John, shopkeeper, The Village
Wood-Roe, William Brookes, farmer and hop grower, The Slatch
Wynn, Samuel, police constable, The Village

Source: Jakeman &Carver’s Directory of Herefordshire. Published Hereford, 1902.

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