Bosbury Endowed School in Carlisle, 1818
Nicholas Carlisle (1771-1847) was, for over 40 years, one of the Secretaries of the Society of Antiquaries.
He wrote to around 1400 schools enclosing a set of questions: 1. When and by whom, was this School founded?
2. What was the original Endowment, and what is the present amount of it? ... and from the replies
he assembled his A Concise Description of the Endowed Grammar Schools in England and Wales which was
published in 1818.
BOSBURY, near Ledbury.
THE GRAMMAR SCHOOL at BOSBURY is supposed to have been founded by Sir ROWLAND MORTON who
is said to have possessed “The Grange Estate” in this Parish, but at what period has
not been ascertained; though it must have been prior to the reign of Queen ELIZABETH, as
Her Majesty endowed the School with £8..4..2.. per annum, which is charged upon the
Manor of Wormbridge, in the County of Hereford, and is now paid by The Kings Receiver of
FeeFarm Rents to the Master.
Sir Rowland Morton is
also said to have built a neat stone-roofed Chapel at the South Aisle of the
Church, adjoining the Chancel, where his Coat of Arms appears upon the inside
of the roof in different places.
The present Endowment consists of about Thirty-two acres of
land, and Eight cottages, dispersed all over the Parish of Bosbury: The
management of which, as well as the appointment of the Master, is vested in Twelve Trustees.
About Twenty years since, the Trustees elected as Master of
the School, an illiterate man who had never learned or knew a single word of
the Latin or Greek languages; although the former Masters had always been Clergymen
of the Church of England. Some of the Trustees who resided in the
Parish, it is said, had got possession of considerable portions of the land contiguous
to their own estates, at a very inferior rent.
The Master’s house, which he now occupies, had not
been in the possession of the Masters for the last Thirty years, until
the present Gentleman came; the House, together with a valuable Orchard, and
other lands about an acre and an half worth from £12. to £14. per annum, having
been lett for the greater part of that time “to a near Relation of one
of the Trustees at £3. per annum”.! while the Masters of the
School were obliged to lodge where they could, some, at the distance of four
It is also supposed that several pieces of land, originally
belonging to the School, Have Been Lost,
“by levelling the boundaries, and thereby mixing them with
Upon these accounts, the late Vicar of Bosbury, and some of
the Inhabitants of the Parish, laudably instituted a suit in Chancery against
the Trustees, to compel them to elect a Clergyman and Grammar Master, and also
to relinquish such lands as they had in their hands, and to lett
them at their full value. The present Lord Chancellor has decreed, “that the
said School is a Grammar School,” and thereupon the Master has been appointed,
but the other points are not yet determined.
All the boys of this Parish, as soon as they begin to learn
the Latin language, are taught free of expense. Since the present Master
was elected, in 1815, he has also most benevolently taken Ten boys whom
he instructs in reading, writing, and arithmetic gratuitously, although
he does not consider himself bound to do so. About ten or fifteen other boys
are usually educated at this School.
Children are admitted at about ten years of age, and
there is no prescribed time of superannuation. The Master nominates. There is
no particular form of Admission.
The Eton Latin
and Greek Grammars are used; and the system of Education is upon the Eton plan.
In 1676, Richard Reed,
Esq., of Lugwardine, founded an Exhibition
of £4. per annum at Brasen-Nose College, Oxford, for the
maintenance of one Scholar of his Posterity, or for a Scholar from the School
of Bosbury, or from the Free School of the City of Hereford, being natives of
the County of Hereford.
The present Master is, The Revd. Thomas Lewes, whose Salary is from Sixty to Seventy pounds per
annum, but capable of being raised to £120. or more. This Gentleman takes
Boarders; his terms being about £25. a year for each Pupil.
Many very respectable Characters have received their
Instruction at this School. The late Thomas
Loggen, Esq., of Basinghall Street, London, an eminent Solicitor, was
Mr. John Meakins, a
native of Bosbury, and educated at this School, by his Will, dated the 1st of
April, 1811, left £100. Sterling to the Minister and Church-wardens of Bosbury,
to be invested in one of the Government Funds in their names, and to receive
the interest and dividends for ever, to be applied as follows,10s. 6d. annually to each of such
boys in Bosbury School, as they shall consider the best Writer,the best Arithmetician,the
best Grammarian,and the best Composer in prose and verse,and the
residue thereof to such as they shall consider the most industrious Poor of the said Parish, and such as
they shall find most constant in their attendance on Divine Worship.