ENGLISH SCHOOLS AT THE REFORMATION 1546-48

by ARTHUR F. LEACH

Published by Archibald Constable & Co., 1896

[Leach transcribed the original lettering. Here I have substituted present day spelling for legibilty. BSS]

PART II. DOCUMENTS.

BEING COMMISSIONS, EXTRACTS FROM CERTIFICATES AND WARRANTS UNDER THE CHANTRIES ACTS 37 HENRY VIII. c. 14 AND 1 EDWARD VI. c. 4    (pdf page 135 of 502)

PAGES 92, 93-94

The County of Hereford. Certificate 24.

(Edward VI.)

Certificates of Colleges. Hereford. Roll 24.
The Certificate of William Crouch, William Green, John Scudamore, and John Borne, Esquires, Comissioners appointed by the Kings Majesties Commission to them directed bearing date 6th day of February in the first year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord King Edward the Sixth [1546/7] by the grace of God Kinge of England France and Ireland, defender of the faith and of the Church of England & also of Ireland the supreme head of all Colleges, Chantries, Free Chapels, Guilds, Stipendaries & such other like as hereafter ensueth. William Crouch, William Green, John Scudamore, and John Bourne, Esquires, Comissioners. [This paragraph from Bentley’s History of Bosbury, 1891]

THE HUNDRED OF RADLOW.

9. THE PARISH OF LEDBURY.

  Howsling People, 640.

  ........

10. THE PARISH OF BOSBURY.

  Howsling people, 320.

  A schoolmaster, to bring up youth in learning in the said parish, and to play at the organ.

  Certain lands and tenements given in feoffment by one Richard Poyle to Richard Hope and other enfeoffees, to them and to their heirs for ever, declaring no use, which lands and tenements, with the increase of stock of money and chattels remaining in divers mens hands, hath been always employed to the use and finding of a school master to bring up youth in learning, and to play at organ, and to do other service in the said church.

  Sir Thomas Keyling is now Schoolmaster, and hath been 4 or 5 years last past; A man of good conversation and learning, of the age of 75 years, a man not able to ride or to go for deceases; Having the clear revenue of the premises for his salary, and no other promotion.

  The lands and tenements belonging to the same be of the yearly value of 58s. 4½d. whereof in

  Reprises yearly, 8s. 7d.

  And so remaineth clear, 49s. 9½d.

  Stock of money, 51s. 8d. Stock in chattels, 19s. 70s. 8d.

  And it is presented unto us the King’s Majesties commissioners that Sir Rowland Morton [not Norton], Knight, hath given unto the parish of Bosbury a tenement and four acres of arable land, to the intent that the parishioners should distribute the revenue thereof yearly to poor people, reparation of highways, and other charitable deeds and that hath not been employed any other wise.

[For the original Bosbury document see here.]


PAGES 100-101

 

The County of Hereford. Certificate 86.

(Edward VI.)

  A brief declaration of all and singular the late Colleges, Chantries, Freechapels, Fraternities, Guildes, Stipendiaries, and Brotherhoods, with other like in the said County; with the names of the Incumbents, Masters, Governors, and other like, with their wages yearly the Tenth deducted, schools, preachers, bedemen having relief going out of the premises, which by the late Act of parliament Intitled to the King’s Majesty as hereafter ensueth.

THE HUNDRED OF RADLOWE.

Ledbury. m. 1.

  Memorandum: that the said parish of Ledbury being a poor town . . . Richarde Wheeler, Stipendiary and Schoolmaster there, The inhabitants of the same have not only had profit and advantage by keeping of a grammar school there as in boarding and lodging his scholars, but also the country thereabouts, in uttering [issuing?] their victuals there by means of the said Scholars. In consideration thereof the poor inhabitants there humbly beseecheth that it may please the King’s Majesty to grant that the said school may there still be kept and the said stipend to remain.

BOSBURY.

  The School in the parish of Bosbury called the free school.

  Thomas Keyling, Schoolmaster, for his wages or salary yearly, 49s. 9½d.

  Howsling people, 320.

  The parishioners there desireth that the said school may still remain.

  ......


PAGES 105-106, 106-107

 

Herefordshire. Schools Continuance Warrant, 5. [Excerpt]
  Forasmuch as it appeareth [&c.] that a grammar school hath been continually kept in Ledbury [&c.], with the revenues of the late chantry called the Trinity service there, And that the schoolmaster there hath had [&c.] 71s. 3d. [&c.].
  And that a grammar school hath been continually kept in Bosbury [&c.], with the revenues of the parish there, and that the schoolmaster there hath had [&c.], yearly, 49s. 9½d. [&c.].

  ......

  We therefore [&c.] have assigned [&c.] that the said grammar School in Ledbury aforesaid shall continue, and that Richard Wheeler, Schoolmaster there, shall have and enjoy the rowme [position?] of Schoolmaster there, and shall have for his wages yearly, 71s. 3d.,
And that the said grammar School in Bosbury aforesaid shall continue, and that Thomas Keyling, Schoolmaster there, shall have [&c.], 49s. 9½d.,

  ......

[Notes: ‘Sir’ was a courtesy title for a vicar who was not a university graduate.
Howsling is a Middle English term from Old English
hūsel meaning ‘to sacrifice’, here describing people, usually over 16, who have been confirmed and attend communion.]

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